Other Structures

The following experiments were carried out by David Freeman

Chicken House
Aim: Exploration of four post structures and what they could have been.

Aim: The construction of a working granary based on a four post structure. Use of carpentry to make a secure structure, avoiding the use of wooden pegs or nails. To store and use a year’s worth of grain, as required by a family in the Iron Age. Prove viability of the grain after a year in storage.

Iron Age Toilet
Aim: Exploration of four post structures. To construct an Iron Age toilet, purely as a demonstration building to be looked at.

‘Not the Roundhouse’
Aim: To explore the engineering and construction of a small sub-rectangular house. The transition from a wall of rounded corners to a square-cornered roof.

Cart Shed
Aim: Exploration of four post structures. To create a large open four post structure.

Aim: Exploration of four post structures. To construct a working platform for the storage of hay, as used for feed for the animals.

Compost Bin
Aim: Exploration of four post structures. To construct a compost ‘bin’.

Single Post Haystack
Aim: Based on the evidence of ‘a single post hole with depression’ the haystack creates the evidence by blocking light and water to the ground underneath.

Two Post Drying Rack
Aim: The construction of a ‘drying rack’ to duplicate the evidence.

Two Post Pole Lathe
Aim: To duplicate the evidence.

Single Post Totem
Aim: The erection of a ‘totem’ in the middle of the enclosure to duplicate the evidence.

Line of Post Holes
Aim: Indicative of a fence line. Wattle fences around the site are an example. A small fence line around the Moel y Gerddi is typical of marker boundaries between the roundhouses at Hengisbury Head.

No Post Holes
Speculative structures based on no post holes include:

Larder Pit
Aim: Construction of a larder pit from the Danebury hillfort. The monitoring of the decay of the steps.

Storage Pit
Aim: Excavation of a pit to represent a grain store from the Iron Age.

Midden Pit
Aim: Dug 1m x 1m to study the deposition of waste over a period of time, the decay of materials, the decay of the pit and covering the waste.

Garton Station Cart
Aim: Construction of an Iron Age cart based on the finds from a Chariot Burial at Garton Station, East Yorkshire.

Bread Oven
Aim: Located within the Moel y Gerddi. Construction of a wood-fired bread oven, in an Iron Age style. To be used.

Water Flow
Digging and maintaining drip trenches. Observing water flow and interaction between the buildings. Observing erosion and deposition of material moved by water flow. Growth caused by, and maintained by, retention of moisture flowing across the site.

Outside the Enclosure

Haseris Kiln
Construction of a pottery kiln. Repeated use of the kiln to fire ceramics.

Grazing of the ditch and bank
Monitoring the effect of allowing animal grazing on the external surface of the ditch and bank of the enclosure.

Wattle Fencing
The time and materials taken to construct lengths of wattle fencing. Calculations of life-span of the fence. Land area needed to maintain supply of materials. To build and maintain a database record.

Not constructed by David Freeman:

The Enclosure
Ditch and bank constructed to mimic that found in the archaeology. Constructed as an octagon, aligned to the compass points. This enables easy long term monitoring and recording of all surfaces and decay patterns.